West Hammond: A Pleasant City

West Hammond, New Mexico-Middens

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park (New Mexico) from West Hammond, NM. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the building of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished around the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a result, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying all of them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no undertaking that is easy offered that hauling each tree would have taken a multi-day travel by a team of men and women, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized throughout the three centuries of building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape While Chaco Canyon had a higher density of construction on a scale never seen previously in your community, it ended up being simply a tiny component in the heart of a wide linked area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic brick style and design as those discovered inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although these sites were most rich in the San Juan Basin, they covered an certain area of the Colorado Plateau greater than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the ground that is underlying, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads usually began at huge buildings inside and beyond the canyon, extending outward in wonderfully parts that are straight.   Even where high features characteristic to the Southwest that is american.g., mesas and buttes) crossed their route, Chacoans preserved the road's linearity by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Considering the significant difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were constructed larger than necessary for pedestrian transit (many were 9 meters wide), it's conceivable the roads had a largely symbolic or role that is spiritual directing pilgrims to rituals or any other gatherings. Several great homes were positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops to allow for the signaling of other houses and distant areas using fire or the reflection of sunlight, allowing for more communication that is fast. In Chaco Canyon, Fajada Butte has a colossal presence. The widespread practice of aligning structures and roadways with the cardinal directions while the positions of the sun and moon at vital periods such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure that is extra connectedness to the Chacoan universe. For example, the house that is great Bonito's front wall and the wall separating the plaza are oriented east-west and north-south, respectively, nevertheless the location is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a 19-meter-diameter kiva that is great the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doorways set along a north-south axis and two external doors focused east-west, by which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown as a result of restoration work carried out in the area).  

West Hammond, NM is located in San Juan county, and has a populace of 2777, and is part of the more metropolitan area. The median age is 41.1, with 11.4% regarding the community under 10 years old, 14.7% are between ten-nineteen years old, 11.5% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 11.5% in their 30's, 12.4% in their 40’s, 19.1% in their 50’s, 10.1% in their 60’s, 5.6% in their 70’s, and 3.9% age 80 or older. 49.7% of town residents are male, 50.3% women. 50.5% of citizens are reported as married married, with 18.9% divorced and 24.6% never married. The percentage of residents confirmed as widowed is 6%.

The typical household size in West Hammond, NM is 3.07 residential members, with 84.6% owning their own residences. The average home value is $166662. For people renting, they pay out on average $1045 per month. 41.8% of homes have 2 incomes, and a median household income of $66500. Median income is $30214. 10.2% of residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 17.2% are handicapped. 4.6% of residents of the town are ex-members regarding the US military.

The labor force participation rate in West Hammond is 65.1%, with an unemployment rate of 8.3%. For those of you in the labor pool, the common commute time is 26.7 minutes. 4.2% of West Hammond’s community have a graduate diploma, and 4.8% have a bachelors degree. Among those without a college degree, 32.5% have some college, 40.4% have a high school diploma, and only 18.1% have an education not as much as senior high school. 11.1% are not covered by health insurance.