The Down and Dirty: Wheeler, Texas

People From Wheeler Completely Love Chaco National Park In New Mexico

Lets visit Chaco National Monument (New Mexico, USA) from Wheeler, Texas. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells, dammed in areas created in Chaco clean's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing formed the canyon and Chaco Wash. The arroyo also had ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a network of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the Chacoan fluorescence as a result of deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried all of them and returned to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that all tree had to be held by several individuals and took a long time. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of construction at a level never before seen in this region, it was only one component of the larger connected area that led to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside of the canyon with great mansions, grand kivas, and the same stone design and style as the ones inside. These sites, although most common in the San Juan Basin were spread over an certain area greater than England's Colorado Plateau. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They dug and levelled the bottom, and often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings within and outside the canyon. They then extended outwards in beautiful straight sections. Chacoans moved to areas to the west, north and south that were less remote, as a result of Chacoan influence. The persistence of droughts, which lasted well into the 13th Century CE, impeded the creation of an system that is integrated to Chaco's. This resulted in the dispersion of Chacoan communities through the Southwest. Current Puebloan residents primarily in Arizona and New Mexico see Chaco as their ancestral homeland. This is confirmed by oral histories that have already been passed down through generations. In the second half the 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down large house walls and gained access to their chambers. In 1896 CE surveys that are archaeological excavations revealed the extent of the destruction. This led to establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument (in 1907 CE), which put an end to looting that is illegal allowed systematic archaeological investigations. The monument had been expanded and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park in 1980 CE. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants can still connect to the place they expanded up in by returning to honor their ancestors' spirits. A thousand years ago, Chacoans erected multi-story houses and developed highways in New Mexico's high desert. Chaco Culture National Heritage Park maintains this ancient culture's history. It is just one of the most visited ancient ruins in the U.S. and is also a World Heritage Site for its "universal importance." Here children may explore stone ruins from a past millennium, walk through T-shaped doors, walk up and down multi-story building staircases, and stare out through windows into the limitless desert sky that continues forever. Anasazi (Ancestral Pueblo) people lived in Four Corners (brand new Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona) between 100-1600 AD. They planted maize, beans and squash, manufactured cotton fabric and ceramics, created canyon and cliff towns. The Anasazi started building large stone constructions in Chaco Canyon about 850 AD. Chaco became the heart that is ancient of society connected by a road network and over 70 towns several kilometers apart. Today, Hopi, Navajo, and other people that are indigenous their spiritual and cultural origins to Chaco. Chacoans were brilliant designers, architects, and observers of the sky, yet there isn't any known written language, and the way of staying in these cities stays an enigma that is archeological. Chaco's majestic structures and highways that are straight unusual in ancient Southwest. Building complexes feature hundreds of rooms, a square that is central and kivas, circular-shaped subterranean chambers. They carved sandstone from surrounding cliffs with rock tools, molded it into blocks, constructed wall space by gluing together scores of stones with dirt mortar, coated walls inside and out with plaster, rising up to five storeys high.  

The work force participation rate in Wheeler is 64.3%, with an unemployment rate of 6.3%. For the people in the work force, the common commute time is 17.7 minutes. 6.6% of Wheeler’s population have a grad degree, and 14.6% posses a bachelors degree. For all without a college degree, 25.7% attended some college, 25.5% have a high school diploma, and only 27.5% have an education significantly less than twelfth grade. 21.9% are not covered by medical insurance.

The average family size in Wheeler, TX is 2.98 residential members, with 69.6% owning their own houses. The average home cost is $84755. For people paying rent, they spend an average of $677 monthly. 52.6% of families have 2 sources of income, and a typical household income of $45769. Median individual income is $28320. 20.5% of town residents live at or beneath the poverty line, and 13.5% are disabled. 6.2% of residents of the town are ex-members for the US military.