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One of the oldest built and most impressive of the enormous dwellings located inside the canyon walls is called Pueblo Bonito, a Spanish name given by Carravahal, a Mexican guide who accompanied a U.S. Topographic army engineer surveying the area in 1849 CE (names of numerous buildings, including the canyon itself, are of Spanish origin or derived from Spanish transliterations of names provided by the Navajo, a Native American group whose country surrounds the canyon). Throughout three centuries, Pueblo Bonito was designed and built in stages. It developed to contain in parts four or five floors, more than 600 rooms, and significantly more than two miles, while keeping its initially conceived D-shaped form. Without a definite record, several interpretations of the function these buildings served arose. The possibility of large homes having mainly public functions - supporting occasional influxes of men and women visiting the canyon to participate in rites and trade while operating as public meeting areas, administrative headquarters, burial grounds and storage services - is now largely recognized. Based on the presence of usable chambers, these facilities probably also accommodated a restricted number of people year-round, presumably elite. Notwithstanding their enormity, large mansions shared other architectural features reflecting their public purpose. Several had a huge plaza, bordered by a single-storey room line to the south and multi-level room blocks to the north, rising from a single story at the plaza to the story that is highest at the trunk wall surface. In Chetro Ketl, another magnificent big house in the canyon, the plaza feature is rendered even more remarkable by its artificial elevation more than 3.5 meters above the canyon floor - a feat requiring tons of earth and rock to be transported without the use of draft animals or wheeled vehicles. Integrated in big homes' plazas and space blocks were huge, spherical, generally underground rooms known as kivas.   In case you're curious about Chaco National Historical Park in NW New Mexico, USA, can you actually take a trip there from Essex, Maryland? Throughout the 9th through the 12th centuries CE, Chaco Canyon was the heart of a civilisation that is pre-Columbian flourished in the San Juan Basin of the American Southwest. The Chacoan civilisation marks a unique phase in the history of an ancient culture now known as "Ancestral Puebloans" because of its ties to current indigenous peoples of the Southwest whose lifestyles revolve around Pueblos, or apartment-style communal housing. The Chacoans created gigantic works of public architecture that had no predecessor in old the united states and remained unrivaled in scale and intricacy until historic times - a feat that needed long-term preparation and extensive social organization. The precise alignment of these structures with the cardinal directions and the cyclical positions of the sun and moon, as well as the profusion of exotic trade objects discovered inside these buildings, indicate that Chaco was a sophisticated culture with strong spiritual links to the nature that is surrounding. This fluorescence that is cultural all the more amazing since it occurred in the high-altitude semi-arid desert of the Colorado Plateau, where even survival is a feat, and because the long-term planning and organization required was done without the use of a written language. With evidence confined to goods and constructions left behind, many tantalizingly crucial issues Chacoan that is concerning civilization only partly resolved after decades of research.   Lets visit Chaco National Historical Park in NW New Mexico, USA from Essex, Maryland.

The average family size in Essex, MD is 3.37 residential members, with 54.8% being the owner of their particular residences. The mean home cost is $191867. For those people renting, they pay out on average $1086 per month. 48.8% of households have 2 incomes, and a median household income of $57780. Average income is $31554. 12.7% of town residents exist at or below the poverty line, and 14.8% are handicapped. 7.1% of inhabitants are ex-members regarding the armed forces.