A Visit To Highlands, New Jersey

Highlands, NJ is found in Monmouth county, and has a populace of 4714, and rests within the more New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA metropolitan region. The median age is 52.5, with 7.4% of the residents under 10 years old, 4.9% between 10-19 years old, 12.1% of town residents in their 20’s, 7.9% in their 30's, 12.9% in their 40’s, 24.2% in their 50’s, 18.4% in their 60’s, 6.1% in their 70’s, and 6.1% age 80 or older. 52.6% of town residents are men, 47.4% female. 44.5% of citizens are reported as married married, with 18.9% divorced and 30% never wedded. The % of women and men identified as widowed is 6.7%.

The typical family size in Highlands, NJ is 2.66 family members, with 62.8% being the owner of their very own domiciles. The mean home cost is $280869. For individuals paying rent, they pay out on average $1217 per month. 62.8% of households have dual sources of income, and a typical household income of $60638. Average individual income is $38936. 7.2% of inhabitants are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 13% are considered disabled. 4.6% of inhabitants are former members regarding the military.

Highlands-Chaco Canyon Artifacts

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park in New Mexico from Highlands, NJ. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater obtained in the Chaco Wash was stored in the Chaco arroyo, an intermittently flowing river, along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and floors that are top but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach coniferous forests west and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a difficult task as each tree had to be transported. Chacoan also had a need to construct and repair a total of ten large houses and kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a section that is tiny of canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the style that is same the ones in the canyon. However, they tend to be smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to connect all of them to each other. The roads ran incredibly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans preserved the linearity of these roadways even whenever steep features characteristic to the Southwest that is american.g. mesas and buttes) crossed their course, opting to build stairs or ramps on cliff sides. Due to the significant difficulty of such an approach, along with the fact that several roads did not have visible destinations and were constructed larger than necessary for passage by foot (many were 9 meters wide), it is conceivable that the roads had a purely symbolic or role that is spiritual an entry of sorts to large buildings, directing pilgrims going to rites or any other meetings. To promote faster communication, certain large homes were positioned in range with every other's sight and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for notifying other houses and distant areas using fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte is a prominence at Chaco Canyon. Giving more structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment was the practice that is prevalent of buildings and roadways with cardinal instructions and sun and moon positions at important seasons such as solstices, equinoxes and lunar standstills. For instance, the wall that is front wall separating the large home Pueblo Bonito square are positioned east-west and north-south correspondingly, whereas the location is situated just west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a large kiva that is 19-meter-diameter in the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors set along a north-south axis and two external doors oriented east-west, through which the light of the rising sun flows directly on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given the restoration work that took place in the canyon).