Vital Numbers: Ravenna

Ravenna, OH is situated in Portage county, and includes a residents of 11361, and rests within the more Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH metro area. The median age is 40.2, with 10.3% regarding the population under ten many years of age, 10.4% are between ten-nineteen years old, 16.9% of town residents in their 20’s, 12.3% in their 30's, 13.6% in their 40’s, 14.3% in their 50’s, 11.9% in their 60’s, 6.4% in their 70’s, and 4.1% age 80 or older. 46.9% of town residents are male, 53.1% female. 38.5% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 21.3% divorced and 33.8% never wedded. The percent of women and men confirmed as widowed is 6.4%.

Ravenna, OH-Chaco Outliers

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Park in NM from Ravenna, Ohio. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly contained in the canyon but vanished around the period of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an outcome, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an period that is extended of to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, considering that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a team of people, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized through the three hundreds of years of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high thickness of architecture on a scale never seen formerly when you look at the area, it had been merely a small component in the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and kivas that is great used the same characteristic brick design and style as those found inside the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these web sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an certain area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the underlying ground and, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently started at huge buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in beautifully parts that are straight.  Even when steep landforms prevalent in the American Southwest (e.g., mesas and buttes) intersected their path, Chacoans maintained the linearity of these roadways by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Given the tremendous difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were built wider than required for foot transportation (many were 9 meters broad), it is probable that the roads served a largely symbolic or role that is spiritual leading pilgrims traveling to rites or any other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication, some great houses were positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for the signaling of other houses and distant regions via fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte commands a position that is commanding Chaco Canyon. The practice that is widespread of structures and roadways with the cardinal directions and the positions of the sun and moon during critical seasons such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. The wall that is front the wall dividing the plaza of the great house Pueblo Bonito, for example, are aligned east-west and north-south, respectively, whereas the site is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a grand that is 19-meter-diameter within the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors arranged along a north-south axis and two external doors aligned east-west, by which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given restoration work done in the canyon).  

The typical family unit size in Ravenna, OH is 3.03 household members, with 49.8% owning their very own residences. The mean home valuation is $98733. For those people renting, they pay out on average $759 monthly. 49.8% of homes have two sources of income, and a median domestic income of $42382. Average income is $24706. 21.8% of citizens live at or below the poverty line, and 18.7% are handicapped. 5.5% of inhabitants are veterans associated with the military.