Basic Facts: Chandler, Oklahoma

Lets Travel From Chandler, Oklahoma To Chaco Culture National Park In NM, USA

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Monument (New Mexico, USA) from Chandler, Oklahoma. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an intermittently flowing stream that cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach forests that are coniferous the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and came back to the canyon to transport them. It had been a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to transport and more than 200 000 trees were used in building the three-century old great houses and great kivas. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast land that is linked provided rise to Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built with the brick that is same and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an area of Colorado Plateau that was larger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to link these communities to each other by leveling and digging the floor, and sometimes adding brick curbs or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the canyon that is large and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Chacoans moved north, south, and west to towns in less areas that are remote exhibited Chacoan influences throughout the period. In the century that is 13th, prolonged droughts hampered the rebuilding and diffusion of Chacoan populations throughout Southwest. Modern people, mainly from Arizona and New Mexico see Chaco as their ancestral homeland. This can be an tradition that is oral has been passed down through generations. During the second half 19th century CE there had been significant vandalism at the canyon. Tourists knocked down buildings that are large and gained access to the rooms. Architectural excavations and surveys that began in 1896 CE showed the extent of the destruction, which resulted in the establishment of Chaco Canyon as a monument that is national 1907. In 1980, it had been designated as the National Historical Park of Chaco Culture. It was also listed by UNESCO as World history in 1987. It is a place where the descendants of these people can keep contact with their past and honor their ghosts that are ancestral. With 500 rooms and 16 kivas, Chetro Ketl may be the second biggest Chaco great mansion. It's D-shaped, like Pueblo Bonito, with hundreds of interconnecting rooms with multi-story structures, as well as a massive central plaza and a kiva that is great. Chetro Ketl was built using around 50 million stones that had become cut, sculpted, and placed in place. Chetro Ketl is distinguished by its center square. The Chacoans carried vast quantities of rock and earth to elevate the middle plaza 12 feet over the environment that is natural the use of wheeled vehicles or tamed animals. Look up as you go along the route to the cliff (Stop 12) to observe a ladder and handholds cut into the rock. This was part of a straight route that linked Chetro Ketl to Pueblo Alto, another spectacular cliff house. Tip: To observe petroglyphs that are additional the cliffs, go down the route that connects Chetro Ketl and Pueblo Bonito. The complex is designed in a D form, with 36 kivas, 600 – 800 linked rooms, and some of the structures are five storeys high. Pueblo Bonito is the biggest and one of the oldest great homes – it was once known as "the hub of the Chaco world." Pueblo Bonito was a gathering place for rituals, commerce, storage, astronomy, and the interment associated with deceased. Artifacts such as a necklace with two thousand turquoise squares, a turkey blanket that is feather conch shell trumpets, quiver and arrows, ceremonial staffs, black and white cylinder jars, painted flutes, and turquoise mosaics have been discovered in burial caches under the flooring in rooms at Pueblo Bonito. These objects were buried with high-ranking individuals. Buy the pamphlet that describes each of the numbered stations in this enormous complex at the Visitor Center.  

Chandler, OK is found in Lincoln county, and has a residents of 3085, and rests within the greater Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK metropolitan area. The median age is 37.5, with 17.3% of the community under ten years old, 12.4% are between ten-nineteen many years of age, 12% of citizens in their 20’s, 11.7% in their 30's, 13.1% in their 40’s, 12.1% in their 50’s, 10.2% in their 60’s, 8.4% in their 70’s, and 2.8% age 80 or older. 46.8% of citizens are male, 53.2% women. 49.1% of residents are recorded as married married, with 16.4% divorced and 23.9% never married. The percentage of residents recognized as widowed is 10.6%.

The typical family unit size in Chandler, OK is 3.39 household members, with 69.9% being the owner of their particular houses. The average home cost is $96180. For those people leasing, they pay an average of $588 monthly. 44.7% of homes have dual sources of income, and a median household income of $46510. Median individual income is $27000. 16.2% of town residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 11.1% are disabled. 8.1% of residents are former members associated with the US military.