Essential Data: Wilna, New York

Wilna, New York is located in Jefferson county, and includes a population of 6031, and is part of the higher metro region. The median age is 31.8, with 12.7% of the residents under ten several years of age, 11.3% between 10-nineteen years old, 23.8% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 12.1% in their thirties, 8.5% in their 40’s, 12% in their 50’s, 12.5% in their 60’s, 3.6% in their 70’s, and 3.4% age 80 or older. 48.5% of citizens are men, 51.5% female. 42.5% of residents are recorded as married married, with 13.6% divorced and 36.8% never wedded. The percentage of people identified as widowed is 7.2%.

The average family unit size in Wilna, NY is 2.81 household members, with 51.4% being the owner of their particular residences. The average home value is $116036. For people paying rent, they pay an average of $854 monthly. 39.6% of homes have two sources of income, and the average household income of $47373. Average individual income is $25571. 18% of town residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 18.4% are disabled. 14.4% of residents of the town are veterans associated with armed forces of the United States.

Wilna, NY-Chaco Road

Lets visit Chaco in North West New Mexico from Wilna, New York. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells, dammed in areas created in Chaco clean's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing formed the canyon and Chaco Wash. The arroyo also had ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a network of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the Chacoan fluorescence due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried all of them and returned to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that all tree had to be carried by several folks and took a long time. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of construction at a level never before seen in this region, it was only one component of the larger linked area that led to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, grand kivas, and the same brick design and style as the ones inside. These sites, although most common in the San Juan Basin had been spread over an area greater than England's Colorado Plateau. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They dug and levelled the ground, and often added clay curbs or masonry supports. A majority of these roads began in large buildings within and outside the canyon. They then extended outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the wall space of high cliffs to maintain the straightness of the roadways, even whenever terrains that are steep in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other landforms, e.g., the American Southwest's mesas, intersected with their route. This approach was extremely difficult and roads that are many not broad enough become used for foot transport. Many roads were also much wider than necessary. Some good houses were placed within sight of each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant areas via sunlight reflection or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roadways and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon in critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes has been a common practice. This added structure to the Chacoan landscape. For instance, the front wall of Pueblo Bonito's great house is aligned north-south and east-west, while the location lies west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a grand kiva of 19 meters in diameter, located within the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a north-south line and two doors outside aligned eastward. The sun that is rising just pass through Casa Rinconada during the morning associated with the equinox. (Restoration work carried out into the canyon does not indicate if this alignment was current).