Harpswell, ME: Basic Points

Harpswell, ME-Pit Houses

Lets visit Chaco National Park (New Mexico) from Harpswell, ME. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Natural sandstone reservoirs had been not the only real sources of precipitation. Rainwater has also been collected in dammed and well-constructed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. Also, runoff from the ditches went to ponds where it was channeled. The canyon used to be rich in timber, which was essential for building roofs or higher stories. However, this has been lost due to drought and deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the canyon to reach coniferous forests to the west and south, cutting down the trees, then peeling them and drying them for a longer time before they returned to the canyon. It was no feat that is small that each tree needed a long trip by a few people. Additionally, approximately 200,000 trees were used during three centuries of construction and maintenance of twelve large houses and large kivas within the canyon. Canyon's Designed Landscape. Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of unusually high-density building, nonetheless it was just a small percentage of the vast linked land that gave increase into the Chacoan civilisation. There were more than 200 settlements that had large buildings or large kivas and used the same brick architecture and style as those found outside of the canyon. These sites were more common in the San Juan Basin but they also covered a greater area of Colorado Plateau than England. Chacoans created a road that is complex to connect the numerous settlements with the canyon. They dug and levelled the floor, adding clay curbs and stone supports. They are usually built in canyons with large homes, and extend outward in amazing sections that are straight. Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of high cliffs to maintain the straightness of the roadways, even when the terrains that are steep in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other landforms, e.g., the American Southwest's mesas, intersected with their route. This approach was extremely difficult and roads that are many not broad enough become used for foot transport. Many roadways were also much wider than necessary. Some great houses were placed within sight of each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant areas via sunlight reflection or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roadways and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon in critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes has been a common practice. This included structure to the Chacoan landscape. As an example, the front wall of Pueblo Bonito's great house is aligned north-south and east-west, while the location lies west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a kiva that is grand of meters in diameter, positioned within the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a north-south line and two doors outside aligned eastward. The sun that is rising only pass through Casa Rinconada during the morning regarding the equinox. (Restoration work carried out when you look at the canyon does not indicate if this alignment was present).

The typical household size in Harpswell, ME is 2.54 residential members, with 78.3% owning their particular residences. The average home value is $353592. For those people paying rent, they pay out an average of $1070 monthly. 51.1% of households have dual sources of income, and a median household income of $81922. Average individual income is $40616. 6.7% of citizens are living at or below the poverty line, and 12.4% are disabled. 16% of inhabitants are veterans of this US military.

Harpswell, ME is situated in Cumberland county, and has a residents of 4898, and rests within the more Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, ME metro region. The median age is 57, with 7.8% for the residents under 10 years old, 7.5% are between 10-19 years old, 5.3% of town residents in their 20’s, 9.1% in their thirties, 10% in their 40’s, 16.3% in their 50’s, 20.8% in their 60’s, 16.2% in their 70’s, and 6.8% age 80 or older. 46.4% of town residents are men, 53.6% women. 66.7% of residents are reported as married married, with 10.2% divorced and 16.8% never married. The percent of citizens recognized as widowed is 6.3%.

The work force participation rate in Harpswell is 58.6%, with an unemployment rate of 4.7%. For many in the labor force, the common commute time is 28 minutes. 23.6% of Harpswell’s population have a graduate diploma, and 26.5% have a bachelors degree. For people without a college degree, 22.4% attended at least some college, 24% have a high school diploma, and only 3.5% possess an education lower than twelfth grade. 7.9% are not included in medical insurance.