Oakley: Essential Data

Let's Explore Chaco National Park (New Mexico) Via

Oakley, CA

Lets visit Chaco Canyon Park in North West New Mexico from Oakley, California. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater ended up being caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (intermittently running stream) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches, in addition to natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber sources, which had been needed to construct roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended length of time to minimize fat, before returning and moving them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that each tree would have taken a team of workers several days to transport, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized in the building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites over three centuries. Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Despite the fact that Chaco Canyon had a density of construction never seen previously in the region, the canyon was just a tiny part of a huge linked territory that created Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large homes and magnificent kivas built in the same distinctive brick style and design as those found inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although the majority of these sites were found in the San Juan Basin, they covered a stretch of the Colorado Plateau more than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the underlying ground and, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads often began at large buildings inside the canyon and beyond, and then radiate outward in amazingly parts that are straight.   Some locations seem to have operated as observatories, enabling Chacoans to track the sun's passage ahead of each solstice and equinox, knowledge perhaps employed in agricultural and ceremonial planning. Arguably the most renowned of these are the "Sun Dagger" petroglyphs (rock pictures formed by cutting or the like) situated near Fajada Butte, a large, solitary landform at the canyon's eastern entrance. Two petroglyphs that are spiral at the summit, either bisected or framed by sunlight shafts ("daggers") flowing through three granite slabs in front regarding the spirals from the day of each solstice and equinox. Additional evidence of Chacoans' cosmic understanding comes in the form of many pictographs (rock pictures formed by painting or perhaps the want) situated on a canyon wall portion. One pictogram is a star presumably depicting a 1054 CE supernova, an event that would have been brilliant enough to be seen for an lengthy time throughout the day. The near placement of another crescent moon pictogram gives this idea credence, since the moon was at its waning crescent phase and looked near to the supernova in the sky at its top brightness.  

Oakley, CA is situated in Contra Costa county, and includes a community of 42543, and exists within the higher San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA metro region. The median age is 33.5, with 15.6% for the population under 10 years of age, 17.5% between ten-nineteen many years of age, 12.9% of citizens in their 20’s, 13.2% in their 30's, 14.5% in their 40’s, 11.9% in their 50’s, 9.1% in their 60’s, 4.2% in their 70’s, and 1.1% age 80 or older. 49.8% of inhabitants are men, 50.2% women. 54.1% of residents are reported as married married, with 9.1% divorced and 33.6% never wedded. The percentage of women and men identified as widowed is 3.2%.

The labor force participation rate in Oakley is 67.9%, with an unemployment rate of 3.9%. For many within the labor pool, the average commute time is 44 minutes. 5.2% of Oakley’s community have a grad degree, and 14.7% have earned a bachelors degree. Among those without a college degree, 41.1% have at least some college, 26.9% have a high school diploma, and only 12% have an education lower than senior school. 2.4% are not included in health insurance.

The typical household size in Oakley, CA is 3.81 family members members, with 76.3% being the owner of their very own residences. The average home value is $441322. For individuals paying rent, they pay an average of $1688 per month. 66.2% of homes have dual sources of income, and a median domestic income of $104893. Median income is $39348. 7.6% of residents survive at or beneath the poverty line, and 10.7% are handicapped. 5.7% of residents are veterans for the US military.